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Edward England (c. 1685–1721) was an Irish-born pirate. The ships he sailed on included the Pearl (which he renamed The Royal James) and later the Fancy, for which England exchanged the
Pearl in 1720. His flag was the classic
Jolly Roger — almost exactly as the one
"Black Sam" Bellamy used — with a skull above two crossed bones on a black background. Like Bellamy, England was known for his kindness and compassion as a leader, unlike many other pirates of the time.
Along his way he spawned the career of Bartholomew Roberts, among others. In 1720, near the African island of Comoros, England and his men got into a violent conflict with James Macrae. After 10 days of hiding on an island, England and Macrae agreed to a peace deal, upsetting England's crew; he was subsequently voted out as captain and marooned on the island of Mauritius. After four months, England and the loyal crewman that had been stranded with him managed to build a boat and sail to a pirate safe haven in Madagascar. He died sometime in the winter of 1720–21, possibly from tropical disease.
England was marooned on Mauritius (known from 1715–1810 as Ile de France) with three other loyal crew members. They were put ashore without adequate provisions, and were forced to scavenge.
England's son John eventually did as his father had wished and named his son John as well. This tradition continued among England's descendants.
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